thalib Engineer/Designer

Bluez A2DP Audio Streaming in Linux


Get the bluetooth address of Headset using hcitool command

hcitool scan
Scanning ...
	00:1E:DE:21:D0:85	Nokia BH-505
	00:1E:DE:21:D0:85	S10

Here I have two bluetooth devices

Paring and Connecting Device

Now lets pair the device

$ bluetooth-agent 0000 00:1E:DE:21:D0:85
Agent has been released

In embedded targets bluetooth-agent is named as agent

Next is to create connection to remove device

sudo hcitool cc --role=s 00:1E:DE:21:D0:85

Note: Opposite cc is dc sudo hcitool dc 00:1E:DE:21:D0:85 to disconnect the bt device

Then we have to add the device as trusted

bluez-test-device trusted 00:1E:DE:21:D0:85 yes

Now connect devices using audio profile

bluez-test-audio connect 00:1E:DE:21:D0:85

You can use hcitool con command to check if connection has succeeded or not

$ hcitool con
	< ACL 00:1E:DE:21:D0:85 handle 11 state 1 lm MASTER

BT and Alsa config

Add below config to /etc/bluetooth/audio.conf to enable audio in bluetoothd


Add below Alsa configuration to /etc/asound.conf or ~/.asoundrc for alsa recognize our bt as sink/source

pcm.btnokia {
   type plug
   slave {
       pcm {
           type bluetooth
           device 00:1E:DE:21:D0:85
           profile "auto"
   hint {
       show on
       description "Nokia HS"
ctl.btnokia {
  type bluetooth

Once you have made above file modification you need to restart bluetoothd daemon (refer Part 1 on how to reset the bluetoothd).

Audio playback/recording

Play audio file

aplay -D btnokia test.wav

Record audio file

arecord -D  btnokia -d 10 out.wav

To make a loop back

arecord -D  btnokia | aplay -D btnokia

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